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Trong bài này tôi sẽ hướng dẫn các đồng chí luyện tập để phân biệt được từ loại. Đây là điểm mấu chốt để các đồng chí không cần dịch mà vẫn xác định được từ loại. Sau đó sẽ học kiến thức ngữ pháp lẫn chiến lược làm bài là xong được phần ngữ pháp. Ôn nào các đồng chí.

Xác định danh từ

Bài 1: Xác định danh từ trong từng câu dưới đây

1. Simple photographic lenses cannot _____ sharp, undistorted images over a wide field.

2. Of all the factors affecting agricultural yields, weather is the one ____ the most.

3. Beverly Sills, ______ assumed directorship of the New York City Opera in 1979

4. ______ of tissues is known as histology.

5. With the exeption of mercury, ______ at standard temperature and pressure.

 

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Bài 2: Xác định danh từ trong từng câu dưới đây

6. Potential dehydration is ____ that a land animal faces.

7. By tracking the eye of a hurricane, forecasters can determine the speed at which ____.

8. The grapes of Wrath, a novel about the Depression years of the 1930’s, is one of John Steinbeck’s _____ books.

9. Technology will play a role in _____ future life-styles.

10The computer has dramatically affected _____ photographic lenses are constructed.

 

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Bài 3: Xác định danh từ trong từng câu dưới đây

11. The early railroads were _____ the existing arteries of transportation: roads, turnpikes, canals, and other waterways.

12. ______ as a masterpiece, a work of art must transcend the ideals of the period in which it was created.

13. Jackie Robinson, ______ to play baseball in the major leagues, joined the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947.

14. During the flood of 1927, the Red Cross, _____ out of emergency headquarters in ississippi, set up temporary shelters for the homeless.

15. In bacteria and in other organisms, ______ is the nucleic acid DNA that provides the genetic information.

 

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Bài 4: Xác định danh từ trong từng câu dưới đây

1. Helium is _____ all gases to liquefy and is impossible to solidify at normal air pressure.

2. Every year Canadian ______ about 75 percent of their exports to the United States.

3. An innovator, ballerina Augusta Maywood was ___ a traveling company.

4. When water freezes in the cracks of rocks, _____ expands, causing the rocks to break apart.

5. With x-ray microscopes scientists can see through live insects ___ even through solid pieces of metal.

 

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Bài 5: Xác định danh từ trong từng câu dưới đây

6. Dennis Chavez of New Mexico _____ to the House of Representatives in 1930 and to the Senate in 1938.

7. _______ are not leached out of soil, reclamation procedures are needed to restore the land’s productivity.

8. ______ social crusade aroused Elizabeth Williams’ enthusiasm more than the expansion of educational facilities for immigrants to the United States.

9. ______ as 2500 B.C., the Egyptians used mirrors made of highly polished metal.

10. The quantum theory states ______, such as light, is given off and absorbed in tiny definite units called quanta or photons

 

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Bài 6: Xác định danh từ trong từng câu dưới đây

11. Quails typically have short rounded wings that enable _______ spring into full flight instantly when disturbed in their hiding places.

12. Geysers are found near rivers and lakes, where water drains through the soil ______

13. Algebra generalizes certain basic laws _____ the addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of all numbers.

14. Even at low levels,______

15. _____ a lonely and rugged life, far from home and family.

 

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Xác định động từ

Bài 1: Xác định động từ trong từng câu dưới đây

1. Sociologists have long recognized that social tension _____.

2. _____ have a very keen sense of hearing, although most do not hear sounds audible to the human ear.

3. Although both political parties wanted Dwight D. Eisenhower as their presidential nominee in 1952, he became a Republican candidate and _____.

4. If an act is rewarded many times, immediately and with strong reinforces, it will rapidly become _____.

5. Giant pandas resemble bears in shape and in _____.

 

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Bài 2: Xác định động từ trong từng câu dưới đây

6. _____ temperature at which air holds as much water vapor as it can is called the dew point.

7. The earring is one of the oldest known ornaments and _____ pieces of stone, bone, or shell.

8. No one knows exactly _____.

9. _____ mechanical device has ever been invented that can satisfactorily replace teasel flower heads for raising the nap on cloth.

10. Even as a girl, _____ to be her life, and theater audiences were to be her best teachers.

 

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Bài 3: Xác định động từ trong từng câu dưới đây

11. _____ the diffusion of heat upward to the Earth’s surface, the temperature within the Earth remains constant.

12. Noise in a room may be reduced by carpeting, draperies, and upholstered furniture, _____ absorb sound.

13. _____ devised to lessen the drudgery of washing clothes that origin of the washing machine is unclear.

14. Of the thousands of varieties of bird species in North America, _____ bright red plumage, like the cardinal, are most often designated as state bird.

15. _____ as a territory in 1854 and admitted as a state in 1861, Kansas is at the geographical center of the United States.

 

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Bài 4: Xác định động từ trong từng câu dưới đây

1. Wind motion can be observed in the mesosphere by _____ the trails of meteors passing through it.

2. Thomas Edison’s first patented invention was a device_____ in Congress.

3. Clara Bow, a popular actress in the 1920’s, retired _____ she was unable to make the transition from silent films to sound films.

4. Built in 1882, the Kinzua Viaduct in Mckean County, Pennsylvania, is open only to those visitors _____ are able to walk its 2,058 - foot length.

5. A bridge must be strong enough to support its own weight _____ the weight of the people and vehicles that use it.

 

Lời giải cũng như đáp án ở trong Video. Hãy xem và so sánh với kết quả mình làm

 

Bài 5: Xác định động từ trong từng câu dưới đây

6. The swallows of Capistrano are famous _____ to the same nests in California each spring.

7. In the fourteenth century, _____ that glass coated with silver nitrate would turn yellow when fired in an oven.

8. _____ recurring fear is out of proportion to any real danger, it is called a phobia.

9. Many modern photographers attempt to manipulate elements of photography other _____ in their photographs.

10. For any adhesive to make a really strong bond, _____ to be glued must be absolutely clean and free from moisture or grease.

 

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Bài 6: Xác định động từ trong từng câu dưới đây

11. Although still underwater, Loihi Seamount, the newest Hawaiian island, _____ closer to the surface by frequent volcanic eruptions that add layers of lava to the island.

12. _____ unstable and explodes as a supernova is not known.

13. Not until linoleum was invented in 1860 _____ hard - wearing, easy - to - clean flooring.

14. Hiram Revels, the first Black member of the United States Senate, served as senator from Mississippi, an office _____ he was elected in 1870.

15. Oceans continually lose by evaporation much of the river water _____.

 

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Đối với các từ loại còn lại chỉ là học thuộc được dấu hiệu và từ loại là sẽ nhận biết được. Riêng tính từ còn nhớ thêm vị trí của nó mới xác định chính xác được.

 

Xác định tính từ

Bài tập: Xác định các tính từ trong các câu dưới đây

1. An underlying assumption of most market research is that people are continually _____ financial decisions based on their desire for goods that give them the most satisfaction.

2. Madge Macklin promoted the expansion of medical training to include genetics _____ supported the founding of genetics departments in North American medical schools.

3. _____ mammals have hair at some time in their lives, though in certain whales it is present only before birth.

4. The digestive enzyme pepsin breaks down proteins into components _____ readily absorbed by the human body.

5. _____ the precise qualities of the hero in literary works may vary over time, the basic exemplary function of the hero seems to remain constant.

6. Not until the dedication of Yellowstone Park in the late nineteenth century _____ a national park.

7. Daniel Ken Inouye, Hawaii’s first Congressman, was elected to the United States Senate in 1963, where _____ known for his unbiased views on civil issues.

8. Because caricature tends to emphasize the peculiarities of a subject, _____ an effective vehicle for pictorial satire.

9. People in prehistoric times created paints by grinding materials such as plants and clay into powder _____.

10. Even though rhubarb is a vegetable, _____ as a dessert.

 

Đáp án

1. An underlying assumption of most market research is that people are continually _____ financial decisions based on their desire for goods that give them the most satisfaction.

2. Madge Macklin promoted the expansion of medical training to include genetics _____ supported the founding of genetics departments in North American medical schools.

3. _____ mammals have hair at some time in their lives, though in certain whales it is present only before birth.

4. The digestive enzyme pepsin breaks down proteins into components _____ readily absorbed by the human body.

5. _____ the precise qualities of the hero in literary works may vary over time, the basic exemplary function of the hero seems to remain constant.

6. Not until the dedication of Yellowstone Park in the late nineteenth century _____ a national park.

7. Daniel Ken Inouye, Hawaii’s first Congressman, was elected to the United States Senate in 1963, where _____ known for his unbiased views on civil issues.

8. Because caricature tends to emphasize the peculiarities of a subject, _____ an effective vehicle for pictorial satire.

9. People in prehistoric times created paints by grinding materials such as plants and clay into powder _____.

10. Even though rhubarb is a vegetable, _____ as a dessert.

 

Xác định giới từ

Bài tập: Xác định các giới từ trong các câu dưới đây

1. According to the third law of thermodynamics, _____ possible is –273.16 degrees centigrade.

2. After the First World War, the author Anais Nin became interested in the art movement known as Surrealism and in psychoanalysis, both _____ her novels and shorts stories.

3. Muskrats generally _____ close to the edge of a bog, where their favorite plant foods grow plentifully.

4. Oliver Ellsworth, _____ of the United States Supreme Court, was the author of the bill that established the federal court system.

5. _____ Colonial period the great majority of Connecticut’s settlers came from England.

6. A politician can make a legislative proposal more _____ by giving specific examples of what its effect will be.

7. Playing the trumpet with dazzling originality, _____ dominated jazz for 20 years.

8. Before every presidential election in the United States, the statisticians try to guess the proportion of the population that _____ for each candidate.

9. _____ at a river ford on the Donner Pass route to California, the city of Reno grew as bridges and railroad were built.

10. The air inside a house or office building often has higher concentrations of contaminants _____ heavily polluted outside air.

 

Đáp án:

1. According to the third law of thermodynamics, _____ possible is –273.16 degrees centigrade.

2. After the First World War, the author Anais Nin became interested in the art movement known as Surrealism and in psychoanalysis, both _____ her novels and shorts stories.

3. Muskrats generally _____ close to the edge of a bog, where their favorite plant foods grow plentifully.

4. Oliver Ellsworth, _____ of the United States Supreme Court, was the author of the bill that established the federal court system.

5. _____ Colonial period the great majority of Connecticut’s settlers came from England.

6. A politician can make a legislative proposal more _____ by giving specific examples of what its effect will be.

7. Playing the trumpet with dazzling originality, _____ dominated jazz for 20 years.

8. Before every presidential election in the United States, the statisticians try to guess the proportion of the population that _____ for each candidate.

9. _____ at a river ford on the Donner Pass route to California, the city of Reno grew as bridges and railroad were built.

10. The air inside a house or office building often has higher concentrations of contaminants _____ heavily polluted outside air.

 

Xác định trạng từ

Chú ý: Tất cả cụm PREP+…. Ta quy hết nó là trạng từ nhé. Đây là điểm mấu chốt để các đồng chí làm để toefl tốt hơn. (Chú ý này chỉ dùng trong phạm vi toefl itp, các dạng đề khác chưa chắc đúng, đừng ai phóc phốt gì vấn đề này nhé. Đây chỉ là quy ước để thuận lợi trong việc học toefl itp)

Bài tập: Xác định các trạng từ trong các câu dưới đây

1. If an act is rewarded many times, immediately and with strong reinforces, it will rapidly become _____.

2. No one knows exactly _____.

3. _____ mechanical device has ever been invented that can satisfactorily replace teasel flower heads for raising the nap on cloth.

4. __________ by transferring the blame to others is often called scapegoating.

5. _____ as a territory in 1854 and admitted as a state in 1861, Kansas is at the geographical center of the United States.

6. Asteroids are small and therefore very difficult to identify, even when --- to Earth.

7. Before 8000 B. C. wheat did not grow as prolifically --- it does today.

8. ---- angles of any triangle always add up to 180 degrees.

9. Sarah Frances Whiting opened the --- of physics in the United States in 1878.

10. --- red clover, high in protein content, is an extremely important leguminous hay and pasture plant of the eastern United States.

 

Đáp án:

1. If an act is rewarded many times, immediately and with strong reinforces, it will rapidly become _____.

2. No one knows exactly _____.

3. _____ mechanical device has ever been invented that can satisfactorily replace teasel flower heads for raising the nap   on cloth.

4. __________ by transferring the blame to others is often called scapegoating.

5. _____ as a territory  in 1854 and admitted as a state  in 1861, Kansas is at the geographical center  of the United States.

6. Asteroids are small and therefore very difficult to identify, even when --- to Earth.

7. Before 8000 B. C. wheat did not grow as prolifically --- it does today.

8. ---- angles of any triangle  always add up to 180 degrees.

9. Sarah Frances Whiting opened the --- of physics  in the United States  in 1878.

10. --- red clover, high in protein content, is an extremely important leguminous hay and pasture plant of the eastern United States.

 

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